Of interest are domestic options for psychotherapy for depression, which are often quite eclectic.
Among the methods of domestic psychotherapy, one can note the therapy of creative self-expression, proposed by M. Burno. Creative self-expression therapy can be successfully used in the complex treatment of patients with suicidal behavior. The essence of the method of therapy with creative self-expression consists in the study by patients under the guidance of a psychotherapist of the elements of clinical psychiatry, characterology, philosophy, psychology in a variety of creative self-expression. Psychotherapeutic work in this case is aimed at preventing recurrence of suicidal behavior, it is possible if patients have a sufficient degree of personal safety and when patients are attracted to therapy only at the moment when the urgency of suicidal experiences is low, and the mental state is characterized by a fairly stable remission. An absolute contraindication to creative self-expression therapy is “suicidal depression.”
Among the domestic options for psychotherapy for anxiety disorders, neurolinguistic programming remains popular. For the latter to be more effective, it is supposed to be combined with autogenous training. It emphasizes the success of the use of two aspects of autogenic training: reducing the overall level of situational anxiety due to muscle relaxation and the use of “goal formulas”, which made it possible to more clearly define the strategy for solving a problematic situation associated with fear. In the treatment of negative emotional states such a technique of neurolinguistic programming as “anchors integration” can be used. T. Bukanovskaya proposes to use the psychotherapeutic technique “dissociation” in the treatment of depressive disorders, the main meaning of which is that a patient in a mild hypnotic state has an image of himself, an image as if reflected in a mirror or an “autoscopic representation”. The effectiveness of therapy in this case, according to the author, does not depend on the severity of the depressive disorder, but on the level of constructiveness of the patient’s communication with the image of the “ideal I”, with the help of which a state of inner consent is achieved.